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Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (sometimes abbreviated to TMJ or TMD) is a condition whereby you feel pain and dysfunction in the muscles of mastication i.e. the muscles that move the jaw, and in the Temporomandibular joint itself. Other symptoms include restricted jaw movement and clicking of the jaw during movement. Although TMD is not life threatening, it can affect your quality of life because the symptoms can become chronic and difficult to manage. TMD is very common with approximately 20-30% of the adult population affected by it to some degree. The typical age that patients are affected by this condition is between 20 and 40 years of age, and it is more common in females than males. TMD is the second most frequent cause of orofacial pain after dental pain.
TMD is thought to be caused by multiple factors but these factors are poorly understood. There are many treatments available, the most common treatments including occlusal splints (worn at night), psychosocial interventions like cognitive behavioral therapy, medications like analgesics (pain killers) and injectables.
The dentists at Tuart Hill Dental have a wealth of experience in treating patients suffering from Temporomandibular joint dysfunction and can offer all the treatment option mentioned above.